Disorders

Speech Sound Disorders

A speech sound disorder, also known as an articulation delay, occurs when a child is unable to produce individual speech sounds correctly. There is an age range of when a child should be able to produce individual speech sounds correctly. A child may need speech therapy if these sound production errors continue past a certain age. See chart below for specific sounds (articulation) chart of sounds

Ages of Sound Acquisition
3 years P, b, m, n, h, w
4 years t, d, k, g, f
5 years y (as in yes, yellow, yawn, etc.)
6 years v, l, l blends
7 years th, sh, ch, j (as in jump, soldier, etc.) s, s blends, z, ng
8 years r and r blends

A phonological disorder involves patterns of sound errors. For example leaving off the ending of words, substituting sounds produced in the front of the mouth for sounds that should be produced in the back of the mouth (i.e. saying T or D for K and G). Only producing one consonant for consonant cluster words (i.e. poon for spoon). It is common for young children learning speech to exhibit these patterns, but like articulation there are ages at which these processes should disappear

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